A scene from Sivas (Franz et Eugène Cumont, Studia Pontica, II, Voyage d’exploration archéologique dans le Pont et la Petite Arménie, Bruxelles, 1906)
A scene from Sivas (Franz et Eugène Cumont, Studia Pontica, II, Voyage d’exploration archéologique dans le Pont et la Petite Arménie, Bruxelles, 1906)

Province of Sivas/Sepasdia: Photo gallery

We present, in this section, pictures taken in the Sivas/Sepasdia vilayet (province), the majority of which are photographs and engravings relating to the Ottoman era. We have presented the province with its relevant various sub-sections with the object of making them more easily accessible. In the future we will present, alongside them, various themed articles prepared by the editorial board about the Sivas/Sepasdia province. Thus this method of presentation is of a temporary nature which will last until the articles have been prepared. It should be noted that we have worked on the old photographs in this section with the aim of improving their colour, tone and quality.

Sandjak of Amasya

Kaza of Amasya

(See below for picture captions and sources)

1 Amasya
1 Amasya
2 Amasya
2 Amasya
3 Amasya
3 Amasya
4 Amasya
4 Amasya
5 Amasya
5 Amasya
6 Amasya
6 Amasya

Captions and sources
1) Amasya (Source: John G. C. Anderson, A journey of exploration in Pontus, Bruxelles, 1903)
2) Panorama of the town of Amasya (Source: Ferdinand Brockes, Quer durch Klein-Asien, Gütersloh, 1900)
3) Amasya (Source: W.J. Childs, Across Asia Minor on Foot, Edinburgh/London, 1917)
4) The entry to Amasya (Source: W.J. Childs, Across Asia Minor on Foot, Edinburgh/London, 1917)
5) The town of Amasya on the bank of the Yeşilırmak River (Iris). (Source: W.J. Childs, Across Asia Minor on Foot, Edinburgh/London, 1917)
6) A scene from Amasya (Source: W.J. Childs, Across Asia Minor on Foot, Edinburgh/London, 1917)

7) A scene from Amasya (Source: Nubarian Library collection)
7) A scene from Amasya (Source: Nubarian Library collection)
8) A scene from Amasya (Source: Nubarian Library collection)
8) A scene from Amasya (Source: Nubarian Library collection)
9 Amasya
9 Amasya
10 Amasya
10 Amasya
11 Amasya
11 Amasya

Captions and sources:
9) The town of Amasya seen from a high point in the east (Source: Franz Cumont/Eugène Cumont, Studia Pontica, II, Voyage d’exploration archéologique dans le Pont et la Petite Arménie, Bruxelles, 1906)
10) General view of the town of Amasya (Source: H M Eprigian, Illustrated Indegenous Dictionary [in Armenian], Part 1, Venice, St Lazzaro, 1900)
11) An engraving of Amasya (Source: Rev. Henry J. Van Lennep, Travels in little-known parts of Asia Minor, Vol. I, London, 1870)

The town of Amasya and the Yeşilırmak River (Iris) that runs through it (Source: Lord Warkworth, Notes from a diary in Asiatic Turkey, London, 1898)

Kaza of Vezirköprü

Vezirköprü seen from the west (Source: John G. C. Anderson, A journey of exploration in Pontus, Bruxelles, 1903)

Kaza of Marsovan/Merzifon

Marsovan/Merzifon. The Ashderian family (Source: Nubarian Library collection)

Marzvan/Merzifon, 1909. Anatolia College Armenian students

Marsovan/Merzifon, 1909. Anatolia College Armenian students. Standing, second (from left): Mihran Toumajan. Standing, first (from right): Garabed Nahabedian (Source: Anahit and Dickran Toumajan collection, USA)

2 Marsovan/Merzifon
2 Marsovan/Merzifon
3 Marsovan/Merzifon
3 Marsovan/Merzifon
4 Marsovan/Merzifon
4 Marsovan/Merzifon
5 Marsovan/Merzifon
5 Marsovan/Merzifon
 
 

Captions and sources:
2) A panorama from Marsovan/Merzifon (Source: Rev. Edwin M. Bliss, Turkey and the Armenian Atrocities, London, 1896)
3) A street in the town of Marsovan/Merzifon (Source: W.J. Childs, Across Asia Minor on Foot, Edinburgh/London, 1917)
4) One of the Protestant missionary buildings in the town of Marsovan/Merzifon (Source: W.J. Childs, Across Asia Minor on Foot, Edinburgh/London, 1917)
5) The town of Marsovan/Merzifon seen from the west (Source: Franz Cumont/Eugène Cumont, Studia Pontica, II, Voyage d’exploration archéologique dans le Pont et la Petite Arménie, Bruxelles, 1906)

Merzifon/Marsovan. Anatolia College orchestra. Center, seated (from left): Director Arshag Daghlian (mustache); Next to him George E. White (Principal of the college) (Source: Nubarian Library collection)

7 Marsovan/Merzifon
7 Marsovan/Merzifon
8 Marsovan/Merzifon
8 Marsovan/Merzifon
9 Marsovan/Merzifon
9 Marsovan/Merzifon

Captions and sources:
7) Panorama of the town of Marsovan/Merzifon (Source: Christine Gardon collection)
8) The executive committee of Marsovan/Merzifon branch of the Armenian General Benevolent Union (AGBU). Photograph by Dildilian (Source: Nubarian Library collection)
9) Marsovan/Merzifon: the students of an Armenian school with their teacher (Source: Nubarian Library collection)

Sandjak of Tokat/Eudocia

(See below for picture captions and sources)

1 Tokat/Eudocia
1 Tokat/Eudocia
2 Tokat/Eudocia
2 Tokat/Eudocia
3 Tokat/Eudocia
3 Tokat/Eudocia
4 Tokat/Eudocia
4 Tokat/Eudocia
5 Tokat/Eudocia
5 Tokat/Eudocia
6 Tokat/Eudocia
6 Tokat/Eudocia

Captions and sources:
1) The town of Tokat/Eudocia seen from the east (Source: John G. C. Anderson, A journey of exploration in Pontus, Bruxelles, 1903)
2) A scene from Tokat/Eudocia (Source: Ferdinand Brockes, Quer durch Klein-Asien, Gütersloh, 1900)
3) A general view of Tokat/Eudocia (Source: W.J. Childs, Across Asia Minor on Foot, Edinburgh/London, 1917)
4) A scene from Tokat/Eudocia (Source: Vahan Inglisian, Der diener Gottes. Mechitar von Sebaste, Wien, 1929)
5) A wooden fort in the Tokat/Eudocia region (Source: Rev. Henry J. Van Lennep, Travels in little-known parts of Asia Minor, Vol. I, London, 1870)
6) The small town of Zile (kaza of Zile) seen from the north (Source: Franz Cumont/Eugène Cumont, Studia Pontica, II, Voyage d’exploration archéologique dans le Pont et la Petite Arménie, Bruxelles, 1906)

Sandjak of Sivas/Sepasdia (Sivas, Güruün, Aziziye, Divriği, Darende, Zara)

(See below for picture captions and sources)

Sivas/Sepasdia: Sourp Asdvadzadzin cathedral

Sivas/Sepasdia: Sourp Asdvadzadzin (Holy Mother of God) cathedral (Source: Mekhitarist Order, San Lazzaro, Venice)

1 Sivas
2 Sivas
3 Sivas

Captions and sources:
1) Sivas/Sepasdia: A view of the town (Source: Mekhitarist Order, San Lazzaro, Venice)
2) Sivas/Sepasdia: A view of the town (Source: Mekhitarist Order, San Lazzaro, Venice)
3) Sivas/Sepasdia: A view of the town (Source: Mekhitarist Order, San Lazzaro, Venice)

Sivas/Sepasdia: An Armenian school and a church

Sivas/Sepasdia: An Armenian school and a church. Photograph: Aroutyoun Encababian (Source: Mekhitarist Order, San Lazzaro, Venice)

1 Sivas/Sepasdia
2 Sivas/Sepasdia
3 Sivas/Sepasdia
4 Sivas/Sepasdia
5 Sivas/Sepasdia
6 Sivas/Sepasdia

Captions and sources:
1) A scene from the town of Sivas/Sepasdia (Source: Ferdinand Brockes, Quer durch Klein-Asien, Gütersloh, 1900)
2) The Sivas/Sepasdia town cemetery (Source: Ferdinand Brockes, Quer durch Klein-Asien, Gütersloh, 1900)
3) The Swiss missionary orphanage for girls in the town of Sivas/Sepasdia (Source: Ferdinand Brockes, Quer durch Klein-Asien, Gütersloh, 1900)
4) The inmates and the courtyard of the Swiss missionary orphanage for girls in the town of Sivas/Sepasdia (Source: Ferdinand Brockes, Quer durch Klein-Asien, Gütersloh, 1900)
5) Sivas/Sepasdia: Gök medrese (Source: W.J. Childs, Across Asia Minor on Foot, Edinburgh/London, 1917)
6) A street in the town of Sivas/Sepasdia (Source: Ferdinand Brockes, Quer durch Klein-Asien, Gütersloh, 1900)

A wedding in the Sivas/Sepasdia region

A wedding in the Sivas/Sepasdia region. The bride, her face veiled and seated on a horse, can be seen at the back (Source: Nubarian Library collection)

The Armenian Apostolic cathedral of the Holy Mother of God and the Armenian quarter

The Armenian Apostolic cathedral of the Holy Mother of God and the Armenian quarter in the town of Sivas/Sepasdia (Source: Nubarian Library collection)

9 Sivas/Sepasdia
10 Sivas/Sepasdia
11 Aziziye/Pınarbaşı

Captions and sources:
9) The altar of the St Nshan monastery church in the town of Sivas/Sepasdia (Source: W.J. Childs, Across Asia Minor on Foot, Edinburgh/London, 1917)
10) A panoramic view of the town of Sivas/Sepasdia (Source: Franz Cumont/Eugène Cumont, Studia Pontica, II, Voyage d’exploration archéologique dans le Pont et la Petite Arménie, Bruxelles, 1906)
11) Aziziye/Pınarbaşı (Kaza of Aziziye) (Source: Hugo Grothe, Meine Voderasienexpedition 1906 und 1907, Band II, Leipzig, 1912)

Sivas/Sepasdia: Armenian women spinning wool

Sivas/Sepasdia: Armenian women spinning wool (Source: Vahan Inglisian, Der diener Gottes. Mechitar von Sebaste, Wien, 1929)

Sivas/Sepasdia, 1898. (From left): Nishan, Hrant and Mihran Toumajan brothers

Sivas/Sepasdia, 1898. (From left): Nishan, Hrant (Messia) and Mihran Toumajan brothers (Source: Anahit and Dickran Toumajan collection, USA)

The Didizian family from Gürün, ca. 1910

The Didizian family from Gürün, ca. 1910. Standing (from left): Mania Didizian, Dikranuhie Didizian (née Nahabedian), Setrag Didizian, Hagop Haig Didizian. Seated: Haigag Hagop Didizian. Photograph by Encababian Bros. (Sivas/Sepasdia) (Source: Didizian family collection, London)

13 Sivas/Sepasdia
14 Sivas/Sepasdia

Captions and sources:
13) An Armenian family of the town of Sivas/Sepasdia (Source: Nubarian Library collection)
14) The open-air market in the town of Sivas/Sepasdia (Source: W.J. Childs, Across Asia Minor on Foot, Edinburgh/London, 1917)

Gürün: A group photograph taken around Mahdesi Avedis Toumajan’s body

Gürün. The post-mortem photograph of Mahdesi Avedis Toumajan (in the center of the photograph, seated on the chair). Seated, from left to right – Hamaspyur (Hamas) Toumajan (wife of the deceased’s son, Samuel); Krikor Mermerian (husband of the deceased’s daughter, Gyule); Yeghisapet “Anna” Toumajan (the deceased’s widow, nee Vartanian); Nishan, sitting in Anna’s lap (the deceased’s grandson, son of Tovmas and Mariam); the deceased, Avedis Toumajan; Tovmas Toumajan (the deceased’s son); Mariam Toumajan (nee Nahabedian, Tovmas’s wife); Gyule (Gyulabla) Mermerian (nee Toumajan, the deceased’s daughter); Alice, the little girl standing in front of Mariam and Gyule (Tovmas and Mariam’s daughter). Standing, from left to right – Nouritsa (standing right behind Hamaspyur); an unknown man in the fez standing behind Nouritsa; Mihran and Messiah/Hrant (Tovmas and Mariam’s sons) are the two boys on the right of Krikor Mermerian; Gyul Khatoun Vartanian (Anna’s sister-in-law), standing behind Anna; Reverend Lousigian is the man wearing the fez right behind the deceased; Samuel (the youngest son of the deceased) is the man wearing the fez behind Mariam; the identity of the man on his left is unknown (Source: Anahit and Dickran Toumajan collection, USA).

The Armenian community orphanage in the town of Sivas/Sepastia in 1902. Seated exactly in the centre is Mihran Effendi Ispirian (the director) (Source: Nubarian Library collection)