The captions and sources of the theme and sub-theme title pictures

Locale: Amasia (Nubarian Library Collection)
Geography: Sis-Kozan (Michel Paboudjian Collection)
Population movements: Armenian emigrants in Istanbul (‘Paros Hayasdani’, 1881, N° 2)
History: Map of places inhabited by Armenians prepared by Yeremia Chelebi, 1691 (Biblioteca Universitaria, Fondo Marsili, Rot. 24, Bologna, Italy)

Socio-economic structure:

Interethnic relations: Izmir (photograph by Victor Forbin, Service historique de la Défense, Vincennes)
Local rule: Istanbul (photograph by Phébus)
Community rule: Archbishop Maghakia Ormanian, Armenian Apostolic Patriarch of Istanbul, 1896 (Nubarian Library Collection)

Cultural life:

Press: The newspaper ‘Masis’ that appeared in Istanbul
Publishing houses: The translation into Turkish using Armenian script of Cervantes’ Don Quixote, Istanbul 1868 (Armenian National Library, Yerevan)
Theatrical groups: The Armenian Orphanage of Dörtyol’s thratrical troupe, ca 1920 (Nubarian Library Collection)
Orchestras: The Armenian orchestra of Biledjik, 1911 (Nubarian Library Collection)

: Ottoman metal coins
Trades: Cloth dyers in Marash (Mihran Minasian Collection)
Agriculture: Carding and spinning wool - work in Van (Michel Paboudjian Collection)
Industry and commerce: An Ottoman commerce document (Silvina Der Meguerditchian Collection)
Market: The fig market in Izmir (Smyrna) (Michel Paboudjian Collection)
Trade Unions:

: The Holy Mother of God Monastery, Tomarza (Hugo Grothe, Meine Vorderasienexpedition 1906 und 1907, Band II, 1912, Leipzig)
Religious establishments:
Churches and places of pilgrimage: St Garabed Monastery, Mush (Bodil Biørn Collection)
Festivals: The Sultan St Garabed festival in Mush (‘Keghuni’ periodical, 1903, Venice)
Birth and Baptism: Apraham Attarian’s family, Urfa (Vahé Tachjian Collection)
Marriage: Karekin Agha Boyadjian’s marriage, Nigde, ca 1905 (Hratch Tokatlian Collection)
Burial: An Attarian family member’s death, Urfa (Vahé Tachjian Collection)

Local characteristics
: The Armenian quarter of the city of Izmit (Michel Paboudjian Collection)
Cuisine: Around the dinner table in Van (‘Keghuni’ periodical, 1905, Venice)
Dress: An Armenian girl from Garin (Erzurum) in traditional dress (Michel Paboudjian Collection)
Games and Toys: A doll in Armenian costume, ca 1900 (Sarkis Boghossian, Iconographie arménienne, vol. I, Paris, 1987, էջ 170)
Popular medecine:
Song and dance: (‘Le Tour du Monde’, 1913, p. 541)
Building and architecture: Zeytun, panaroma (Nubarian Library Collection)
Beliefs: A talisman from the Van region, 1821 (Sarkis Boghossian, Iconographie arménienne, vol. II, Paris, 1998, էջ 220)
Language and dialect: Hratch Adjarian’s ‘Armenian provincial dictionary’, 1913

Oral traditions
Proverbs and sayings:
Fables and legends: Ardavast's falling into Agori's abyss (H.M. Eprigian, Illustrated Indigenous Dictionary, Vol. 1, Venice, St Lazzaro, 1900)
Minstrels: A score using  Armenian notation (Rev Harutiun Sarkisian, Palu: its customs, educational and intellectual state, Cairo, 1932)

Literary works:

Political life
: A demonstration in the Ottoman Empire in support of the war (photograph by Victor Forbin, Service historique de la Défense, Vincennes)
Organisations: The Armenian General Benevolent Union of Marzovan (Merzifon) personnel, 1912 (photograph by Dildilian, Nubarian Library Collection)
Political parties: A group photograph of the delegates to the Armenian Revolutionary Federation’s General Assembly, Erzurum, 1914 (Nubarian Library Collection)
Fedayis: Antranig Ozanian (Hratch Dasnabedian, History of the Armenian Revolutionary Federation, Dashnaktsutiun, 1890-1924, 1989, Milan)
Ottoman Constitution: Mahmud Shevket Pasha’s entry into Istanbul – Pera, 1909 (photograph by Victor Forbin, Service historique de la Défense, Vincennes)

Education and sport:
 An Armenian kindergarten in Talas (Nubarian Library Collection)
Educational establishments: The Armenian school in the village of Fendedjak (Marash region) (Nubarian Library Collection)
Educational associations: Armenian pedagogical school in Erzurum, 1910 (Nubarian Library Collection)
Physical education: The ‘Shant’ football team, Adana 1921 (Catholicossate of Cilicia Archives)


How to use this website

You will find all the necessary information here to help you navigate your way through our website. Houshamadyan’s objective is to introduce you to Armenian life in the various cities, towns and villages in the Ottoman Empire through multimedia means. Our website has two basic routes to reach this information – Themes and Ottoman Empire Maps. These two tools appear in the main menu.


Here you will find ten main themes, each of which in its turn is divided into sub-themes. Select one of the main themes. Then select one of these that is of interest to you. A page will appear with different Armenian-inhabited place names. Select any of the places shown and the article concerning that sub-theme will appear.

Maps of the Ottoman Empire

Here you will find, in the first instance, a general map of the Ottoman Empire, showing the administrative boundaries of the vilayets (provinces). Select one of the provinces on the map with the cursor, and a new map will immediately appear that is an enlarged and detailed version of the one of the province you have chosen. You can do the same thing by selecting and clicking on the item of your choice in the alphabetically presented list of provinces and of certain towns and cities below the map of the Ottoman Empire, on the left. Select and click on an Armenian-inhabited place in the province from the list. The final map of a county (sandjak), district (kaza), town or village will then open.

Ten main themes will appear on the left under the final map. Choose and click on any one of them and the sub-themes will appear. Click on any one of those and, this time, all the items (articles, photographs multimedia means) relating to the given place will appear.

At this stage it is possible to select only those provinces of the Ottoman Empire for which Houshamadyan has articles prepared concerning the Armenian-populated places within them. The editorial board is collecting materials and preparing articles for the remainder.