Bitlis Bitlis

The province (vilayet) of Bitlis at the beginning of the 20th century

Province of Bitlis/Paghesh: Photo gallery

We present, in this section, pictures taken in the Bitlis/Paghesh vilayet (province), the majority of which are photographs and engravings relating to the Ottoman era. We have presented the province with its relevant various sub-sections with the object of making them more easily accessible. In the future we will present, alongside them, various themed articles prepared by the editorial board about the Bitlis/Paghesh province. Thus this method of presentation is of a temporary nature which will last until the articles have been prepared. It should be noted that we have worked on the old photographs in this section with the aim of improving their colour, tone and quality.

Kaza of Ahlat/Akhlat

(See below for picture captions and sources)

1 Ahlat/Akhlat
1 Ahlat/Akhlat
2 Ahlat/Akhlat
2 Ahlat/Akhlat
3 Ahlat/Akhlat
3 Ahlat/Akhlat
4 Ahlat/Akhlat
4 Ahlat/Akhlat

Captions and sources
1) Akhlat: the Armenian cemetery (Source: Walter Bachmann, Kirchen und Moscheen in Armenien und Kurdistan, Leipzig, 1913)
2) Akhlat (Source: H.F.B. Lynch, Armenia. Travels and Studies, Vol. II, London, 1901)
3) The area around Akhlat (Source: Victor Pietschmann, Durch kurdische Berge und armenische Städte, Wien, 1940)
4) A scene from Akhlat (Source: P. Müller-Simonis, Du Caucase au Golfe Persique, à travers l’Arménie, le Kurdistan et la Mésopotamie, Washington D.C., 1892)

Kaza of Bitlis/Paghesh

(See below for picture captions and sources)

A scene from the town of Bitlis (Source: Victor Pietschmann, Durch kurdische Berge und armenische Städte, Wien, 1940)

2 Bitlis
2 Bitlis
3 Bitlis
3 Bitlis
4 Bitlis
4 Bitlis
5 Bitlis
5 Bitlis
6 Bitlis
6 Bitlis
7 Bitlis
7 Bitlis
8 Bitlis
8 Bitlis
9 Bitlis
9 Bitlis
10 Bitlis
10 Bitlis
11 Bitlis
11 Bitlis
12 Bitlis
12 Bitlis
 

Captions and sources
2) An engraving of the town of Bitlis (Source: H A Eprigian, Illustrated Indegenous Dictionary (in Armenian), Part 1, Venice, St Lazzaro, 1900)
3) The town of Bitlis (Source: C.F. Lehmann-Haupt, Armenien Einst und Jetzt, Berlin / Leipzig, 1926)
4) Panorama of Bitlis (Source: C.F. Lehmann-Haupt, Armenien Einst und Jetzt, Berlin / Leipzig, 1926)
5) A general view of the town of Bitlis (Source: H.F.B. Lynch, Armenia. Travels and Studies, Vol. II, London, 1901)
6) Bitlis. The walls of an Armenian monastery (Source: H.F.B. Lynch, Armenia. Travels and Studies, Vol. II, London, 1901)
7) A scene from the town of Bitlis (Source: Victor Pietschmann, Durch kurdische Berge und armenische Städte, Wien, 1940)
8) A scene from the town of Bitlis (Source: Victor Pietschmann, Durch kurdische Berge und armenische Städte, Wien, 1940)
9) A scene from the town of Bitlis (Source: Victor Pietschmann, Durch kurdische Berge und armenische Städte, Wien, 1940)
10) The Bitlis thermal baths (Source: Victor Pietschmann, Durch kurdische Berge und armenische Städte, Wien, 1940)
11) A panamora from the town of Bitlis (Source: Victor Pietschmann, Durch kurdische Berge und armenische Städte, Wien, 1940)
12) The northern quarters of the town of Bitlis (Source: Victor Pietschmann, Durch kurdische Berge und armenische Städte, Wien, 1940)

Kaza of Mush/Muş

(See below for picture captions and sources)

Panorama of the town of Mush (Source: Bodil Biørn collection)

2 Mush/Muş (Arakelots)
2 Mush/Muş (Arakelots)
3 Mush/Muş (St Garabed)
3 Mush/Muş (St Garabed)
4 Mush/Muş (St Garabed)
4 Mush/Muş (St Garabed)
5 Khaskiugh/Hasköy
5 Khaskiugh/Hasköy
6 Mush/Muş (St Garabed)
6 Mush/Muş (St Garabed)
7 Mush/Muş (St Garabed)
7 Mush/Muş (St Garabed)
8 Mush/Muş (St Garabed)
8 Mush/Muş (St Garabed)
9 Malazgirt/Manzikert
9 Malazgirt/Manzikert
10 Gündemir/Çayçatı (Varto kaza)
10 Gündemir/Çayçatı (Varto kaza)
11 Hezu/Hazo (Sasun kaza)
11 Hezu/Hazo (Sasun kaza)
12 Hezu/Hazo (Sasun kaza)
12 Hezu/Hazo (Sasun kaza)
13 Mush/Muş (St Garabed)
13 Mush/Muş (St Garabed)

Captions and sources
2) The Monastery of the Apostles (Source: Christine Gardon collection)
3) Mush’s St Garabed monastery (Source: Eberhard-Joachim von Westarp, Unter Halbmond und Sonne, ca 1913, Berlin)
4) Mush’s St Garabed monastery. The monastery festival day – tightrope walkers (Source: Keghuni, No. 1-10, 1903, 2nd year, Venice, St Lazzaro)
5) Khaskiugh/Hasköy (kaza of Mush) (Source: H.F.B. Lynch, Armenia. Travels and Studies, Vol. II, London, 1901)
6) Mush’s St Garabed monastery (Source: H.F.B. Lynch, Armenia. Travels and Studies, Vol. II, London, 1901)
7) Mush’s St Garabed monastery (Source: H.F.B. Lynch, Armenia. Travels and Studies, Vol. II, London, 1901)
8) Mush’s St Garabed monastery (Source: H.F.B. Lynch, Armenia. Travels and Studies, Vol. II, London, 1901)
9) General view of Malazgirt/Manzikert. Behind: Mount Sipan / Süphan (Source: H.F.B. Lynch, Armenia. Travels and Studies, Vol. II, London, 1901)
10) The Armenian village of Gündemir/Çayçatı (kaza of Varto) (Source: H.F.B. Lynch, Armenia. Travels and Studies, Vol. II, London, 1901)
11) Hezu/Hazo (kaza of Sasun). An Armenian-inhabited village (Source: Victor Pietschmann, Durch kurdische Berge und armenische Städte, Wien, 1940)
12) Hezu/Hazo (kaza of Sasun). The castle near the village (Source: Victor Pietschmann, Durch kurdische Berge und armenische Städte, Wien, 1940)
13) Mush’s St Garabed monastery (Source: Bodil Biørn collection)

Arinch/Arinchik/Çöğürlü: an Armenian-inhabited village in the Mush plain (Mush kaza) (Source: Bodil Biørn collection)

15 Mush/Muş
15 Mush/Muş
16 Mush/Muş
16 Mush/Muş

Captions and sources
15) Mush (Source: Bodil Biørn collection)
16) Mush (Source: Bodil Biørn collection)

A scene from Mush (Source: Bodil Biørn collection)