Istanbul, 1913, the Toumajan family

Toumajan collection - Southfield (Michigan), USA

These items are part of Dickran Toumajan’s family collection. The oldest of the photographs is from Gürün, from which the Toumajan family originated. The family lived in Gürün until 1895, when anti-Armenian pogroms were organized in the city, alongside other parts of the Empire, during the reign of Sultan Abdulhamid II. Tovmas Toumajan (Dikran’s grandfather) survived the pogroms by fleeing to the Egyptian city of Alexandria.

After the end of the massacres and the re-establishment of peace, Tovmas Toumajan returned to the Ottoman Empire, and this time, alongside his family, settled in the city of Sepasdia/Sivas. Tovmas was married to Mariam, and they had three sons – Messiah/Hrant (born in 1888), Mihran (born in 1890), and Nishan (born in 1893); and two daughters – Alice/Armaveni (later Minasian) and Lousin (later Sahagian). The three sons received their secondary education at the American Missionaries’ College. Mihran graduated from Anatolia College in Marzevan/Merzifon, and Nshan graduated from the Bithynia Secondary School in Bardizag (presetn-day Bahçecik).

In 1909, the Toumajan family resettled in Istanbul, and established residence in the Üsküdar neighborhood. Mihran, one of the sons, was a great lover of music, and he became soon became very involved in musical endeavors when the renowned musicologist and cleric Gomidas Vartabed came to Istanbul. Under the latter’s tutelage, Mihran Toumajan gained an enormous amount of knowledge, which became the foundation of his future devotion to the field of Armenian music.

By the outbreak of the First World War, Mihran’s brother, Nishan (Dikran’s future father), had already emigrated to the United States, and had settled in the city of Boston. Mihran was in Istanbul, where he was conscripted into the army and sent to Diyarbekir. When the massacres of Armenian soldiers began, Mihran was saved thanks to the intervention of an officer, who arranged for him to be stationed in Aleppo, and told him to never return to Diyarbekir. Later during the war, Mihran escaped into Egypt, which, at the time, was under British mandate.

After the war, alongside many other Armenians, he traveled to Cilicia, where, alongside Parsegh Ganachian (another disciple of Gomidas Vartabed), he performed in choir concerts in Adana. In 1920 he was in Istanbul, again organizing concerts with surviving students of Gomidas Vartabed. After Istanbul, he moved to Paris, where he supplemented his musical education, and then, in 1923, he settled in the United States, joining his two brothers and two sisters. In 1966 he immigrated to Soviet Armenia, where he lived until his death in 1973. In the 1970s, music books written by him were published in Yerevan.

Gürün. The post-mortem photograph of Mahdesi Avedis Toumajan (in the center of the photograph, seated on the chair). Seated, from left to right – Hamaspyur (Hamas) Toumajan (wife of the deceased’s son, Samuel); Krikor Mermerian (husband of the deceased’s daughter, Gyule); Yeghisapet “Anna” Toumajan (the deceased’s widow, nee Vartanian); Nishan, sitting in Anna’s lap (the deceased’s grandson, son of Tovmas and Mariam); the deceased, Avedis Toumajan; Tovmas Toumajan (the deceased’s son); Mariam Toumajan (nee Nahabedian, Tovmas’s wife); Gyule (Gyulabla) Mermerian (nee Toumajan, the deceased’s daughter); Alice, the little girl standing in front of Mariam and Gyule (Tovmas and Mariam’s daughter). Standing, from left to right – Nouritsa (standing right behind Hamaspyur); an unknown man in the fez standing behind Nouritsa; Mihran and Messiah/Hrant (Tovmas and Mariam’s sons) are the two boys on the right of Krikor Mermerian; Gyul Khatoun Vartanian (Anna’s sister-in-law), standing behind Anna; Reverend Lousigian is the man wearing the fez right behind the deceased; Samuel (the youngest son of the deceased) is the man wearing the fez behind Mariam; the identity of the man on his left is unknown.


1) Istanbul. Tovmas and Mariam Toumajan.
2) Marzevan/Merzifon. Mihran Toumajan (photographed by the Dildilian Brothers).
3) Mihran Toumajan.

Istanbul, 1913, the Toumajan family. Standing, from left to right – Alice, Tovmas, Mariam (Tovmas’s wife). Seated, from left to right – Lousin, Yeghisapet “Anna” Toumajan (nee Vartanian, Tovmas’s mother), Mihran, Srpouhi.

Nishan Toumajan’s 1912 diploma, bestowed upon him from the American Missionaries’ Bithynia Secondary School in Bardizag/Bahçecik.

Marzevan/Merzifon, 1909. Students of Anatolia College. Standing, second from the left, is Mihran Toumajan. Standing, fourth from the left, is Garabed Nahabedian.

Graduates of the 1909 class of Anatolia College in Marzevan/Merzifon. At the center of the star are a photograph of the college building, and a photograph of its president Charles Tracy, alongside the Ottoman and American flags. The writing, in Arabic-scripted Turkish, reads “Liberty, Equality, Justice, and Brotherhood”, which was the principal slogan of the 1908 Young Turk Revolution.

Postcard, 1919. The photograph depicts Mihran Toumajan (on the left) and Parsegh Ganachian (on the right). On the left side of the photograph, are the Armenian letters ԿՎՀՍ, which, in English, stand for “Spiritual Disciples of Gomidas Vartabed”. The postcard was an invitation to a concert, addressed to Alice and Lousin (Mihran’s sisters), and was signed by both Toumajan and Ganachian. The concert was to take place on November 22, 1919. The venue is unknown, but presumably it was Adana or Istanbul.


1) Circa 1926, Staten Island, New York. The yearly picnic of the “Armenian Song” organization, which was led by Mihran Toumajan. Mihran Toumajan is standing, on the very right, wearing a hat and a bow.
2) United States, 1927. The “Armenian Song” Choir. Mihran Toumajan, the conductor (wearing glasses), is seated on the center-left. 

An amulet – a prayer in classical Armenian, folded and placed into a silver box. Most probably, it belonged to a member of the Toumajan family, and was believed to ward off evil eyes. The prayer is titled Prayer to the Arch Angel, and bears the date November 15, 1902.

October 1908, Etchmiadzin. Group photograph of those who participated in the election of Matthew II Izmirlian as Catholicos. Back row, first from the left – Nazaret Daghavarian. Second row from the back, third from the right (hatless) – Arshag Chobanian. Third row from the back, fifth from the right – Gomidas Vartabed (wearing the Pectoral Cross). Seated, in front of the Russian Imperial military officer wearing the medals – Archibishop Kevork Soureniants (the future Catholicos).

A woven belt. It belonged to a member of the Toumajan family, probably used in Gürün or Sepasdia/Sivas.

A weaving sword: A wooden component of a loom.